What is Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes

What do we mean by Type I & II Diabetes?

Insulin Addy Wheatgrass

Usually, Diabetes is of two main types - Type I Diabetes and Type II Diabetes.


Type 1 Diabetes


A person is diagnosed with Type I Diabetes when their body stops producing Insulin.

This happens when the body's immune system destroys the beta cells responsible for producing insulin. these cells are usually present in our pancreas.

Glucose in the blood can't move into cells because insulin isn’t there to do it. Instead it accumulate in the blood and the cells starve.

This causes high blood/glucose sugar levels. This usually leads to Dehydration and Weight loss.

The body also starts breaking down fat cells to combat energy deficiency. This leads to production of a chemical call Ketone in the body.

Your liver also starts releasing the sugar it stores to help out. This combination of build up of extra sugar and acidic ketones in the blood and dehydration can even prove to be life threatening if not treated right away. This is known as Diabetic ketoacidosis aka DKA.

Type 2 Diabetes

In case of Type II Diabetes, the body is still producing Insulin but the body stops responding to its effects. This condition is called Insulin Resistance.

At first the pancreas just starts producing even more Insulin. But after a while it just can't keep up and the blood sugar levels start rising.

Reasons leading to Type 2 Diabetes


Type II Diabetes usually occurs due to a variety of reasons. One reason can be Genes. Scientists have found that there are different parts of our DNA that dictate how our body reacts to Insulin.

Being Obese can also cause Insulin Resistance in our body sometimes.

People suffering from a combination of conditions like high blood glucose, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglycerides, also run a high chance of testing positive for Type II Diabetes, especially if they are over weight.

Too much Glucose from the Liver can also lead to Type II Diabetes.

Whenever we eat much more than the amount our body needs, our blood sugar rises above normal. Usually, liver starts storing all the extra blood glucose that we don't require. But some people's livers just don't do this and keep pumping more sugar into their blood stream.

Another reason for Type II Diabetes can also be malfunctioning Beta Cells in the Pancreas. It is possible for Beta Cells to release the wrong amount of Insulin at the wrong time into the blood stream and throw off the blood sugar. This can lead to high levels of blood glucose.

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What is Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes - What does it mean?


Medicine prescribed by your doctor alone can't cure your diabetes nor can it protect you from all its ill effects.


Only you can do that! Medicines that are prescribed by your doctor are essential when you embark on the path towards recovery, but there are many other steps that you need to take if you want to successfully live a healthy life with diabetes.

Blood Suger Diabetes Test


What is diabetes?

In simple terms, Diabetes is a body condition where it can't make use of Glucose derived from the food we eat to generate energy. Due to this Glucose starts accumulating in our blood stream, raising our blood sugar levels.

Unlike automobiles, we humans, aren't capable of deriving energy from petrol, so, we need to eat food.


Our body through digestion, converts the carbohydrates and starch that we consume into Glucose. Which then gets released it into our blood stream.


Insulin is a hormone secreted by an organ called Pancreas in our body. It is responsible for allowing body cells to use Glucose to make Energy for our day to day activities.


Insulin regulates our blood glucose/sugar levels, and it does so by giving a signal to our liver and our cells to take the glucose content from our blood.


Our body cells then convert Glucose into Glycogen to generate energy for themselves.


Liver stores any excess Glycogen being produced for later use.


Now, if for some reason, our body stops producing insulin or if our body stops responding to insulin's effects, our blood sugar/glucose level will start rising.


This happens because our body isn't able to convert sugar into energy anymore and it starts accumulating in our blood stream.


Diabetes is a disorder of the Endocrine Gland, that occurs when a person's blood sugar/glucose levels are consistently above normal. Other than for reasons like our body's inability to produce Insulin or respond to its effects, Diabetes can also appear during pregnancy in some cases.



Type of Diabetes


There are three types of Diabetes - Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes.


When your body stops producing Insulin and our cells are no longer able to use Glucose for generating energy, it is called Type 1 Diabetes.


When your body produces less Insulin or your body stops responding to insulin's effects, it is called Type 2 Diabetes.


Once we understand what Diabetes means, the next important step is to find out how it effects our body and how the food that we consume or physical activity we might undertake can help in controlling it.


Managing Diabetes is not just a simple affair of periodic clinical tests and adjusting medicine according to them.


Understanding your body's reaction to various food and exercises also plays a major role in controlling Diabetes.


We also need to look in to the possibility of naturally available herbs and home remedies.

Combining such natural remedies with useful yoga asanas would definitely be a major help in combating diabetes with no harmful effects.


Do read our future articles on Diabetes, where we will be covering many more aspects of diabetes and ways of controlling it


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